Employment ins and outs in OECD countries

By Paula Garda, OECD Economics Department Labour markets are in a continual state of flux. Workers get employed, leave a job and become unemployed, join the labour force or leave the labour force. The balance of these flows determines the overall employment rate. Analysing workers’ ins and outs of employment is critical to our understanding … More Employment ins and outs in OECD countries

Reducing poverty durably is a key challenge in Spain

By Yosuke Jin, Spain Desk, Country Studies Branch, OECD Economics Department Poverty has risen in Spain in the wake of the crisis (Figure 1), mainly due to lack of quality jobs that provide enough hours of paid work to support decent incomes (OECD, 2017). The risk of poverty is concentrated on jobless households and households … More Reducing poverty durably is a key challenge in Spain

Structural reforms can be inclusive; it all depends on the details

By Orsetta Causa,  Mikkel Hermansen and Nicolas Ruiz, Structural Surveillance Division, OECD Economics Department Structural reforms are regularly assessed based on their ability to boost GDP per capita. This emphasis relies on the assumption that higher GDP per capita is systematically associated with rising living standards for the vast majority of citizens. This view is … More Structural reforms can be inclusive; it all depends on the details

Coping with Creative Destruction: Reducing the Costs of Firm Exit

By  Dan Andrews, Head of Productivity Workstream, OECD Economics Department Creative destruction, the process through which a market economy replaces failing firms with successful ones, is a key driver of productivity growth. Reversing the current slowdown in productivity growth will therefore partly depend on structural reforms to recharge the engine of creative destruction. This will … More Coping with Creative Destruction: Reducing the Costs of Firm Exit

What do pro-competitive policies imply for workers?

By Boris Cournede, Senior Economist, Public Economics Division, OECD Economics Department Reforms that make economies more competitive have become a polarising subject. On one side, they are well established as a core staple of reform programmes: they are known to boost growth. On the opposite side, they often come up as lightning rods for criticism, … More What do pro-competitive policies imply for workers?

The gig economy will not abolish working 9 to 5

by Rory O’Farrell, Economics, OECD Economics Department Today’s post is also being published by the OECD Insights Blog There is little new about the ‘gig economy’. The word ‘gig’ originates from 1920s jazz musicians who played a small concert or ‘engagement’ at a venue. Dolly Parton may have sung about working 9 to 5, but … More The gig economy will not abolish working 9 to 5

Labour mobility in the European Union: a need for more recognition of foreign qualifications

by Jan Stráský, Economist, OECD Economics Department Labour market mobility in the European Union is increasing (Figure 1), but it remains too low to provide sufficient adjustment in the face of diverging labour market developments. This situation reflects non-policy factors, such as linguistic and cultural differences, but also policy barriers. In particular, difficulties in the … More Labour mobility in the European Union: a need for more recognition of foreign qualifications

Mind the gapS: boost early childcare education and care in Costa Rica

By Alberto González Pandiella, Economist, SDD, OECD Economics Department Costa Rican well-being indicators are comparable or even above the OECD average in several dimensions (OECD, 2016a). Nevertheless, gaps with OECD countries are large in two dimensions:  labour market participation and education.  This hampers both long-term growth prospects and equity.  Boosting early childcare education and care … More Mind the gapS: boost early childcare education and care in Costa Rica

Enhancing Greek exports is key to jobs and growth

By Christine de La Maisonneuve, Economist on the Greek desk, Economics Department With weak domestic demand and a relatively low export share in the economy there is much potential to raise exports. Despite a recent pick-up Greek export performance deteriorated in the last decade particularly in the service sector and by much more than in … More Enhancing Greek exports is key to jobs and growth

Revisiting policy options for more jobs

by Alain De Serres, Head of Division, and Peter Gal, Economist Structural Surveillance Division, Policy Studies Branch, OECD Economics Department In many OECD countries, the labour market has yet to recover the lost ground suffered in the aftermath of the financial crisis. In some of them, unemployment has been persistently high, resulting in a very … More Revisiting policy options for more jobs