Reducing inequality to raise incomes and expand well-being for all Colombians

By Christine de La Maisonneuve, Economist on the Colombia desk, Economics Department Growth has become more inclusive in recent years. Living standards have improved and poverty has declined (Figure 1). However, the gap between rich and poor remains among the highest in Latin America. The peace agreement will boost economic growth, but to share it fairly … More Reducing inequality to raise incomes and expand well-being for all Colombians

Four Challenges of Inclusive Growth from the OECD’s chief economist

by Catherine L. Mann, Chief Economist and Head of the Economics Department, OECD The challenge of measuring inclusiveness. A standard metric for measuring inequality is the Gini coefficient, which measures income distribution within an economy. But there are many other measures, such as distribution of income deciles, distribution of wealth, distributions of these by regions … More Four Challenges of Inclusive Growth from the OECD’s chief economist

Estonia: Using fiscal space for a more inclusive growth

By Pierre Beynet, Head of Division, OECD Economics Department Estonian growth is picking up again strongly in 2017 and the level of activity has finally surpassed its pre-crisis level, almost 10 years after the outset of the financial crisis (Figure 1, panel A). However, poverty remains among the highest in the OECD (Figure 1, Panel B). To … More Estonia: Using fiscal space for a more inclusive growth

Continuing the reform process in France to improve job and income prospects

by Nicola Brandt and Pierre Guérin, France Desk, Country Studies Branch, OECD Economics Department Economic growth is strengthening in France, supported by consumption and investment, and the labour market is gradually recovering, as past reductions of comparatively high labour and business taxes are starting to take effect. However, GDP and employment growth are still lagging … More Continuing the reform process in France to improve job and income prospects

Boosting living standards of all Argentinians

By Jens Arnold and Alberto González Pandiella, Argentina Desk, OECD Economics Department. Following years of unsustainable economic policies, Argentina has recently undertaken bold reforms and a turnaround in policies that has helped to avoid another crisis and stabilise the economy (OECD, 2017).  Nevetheless, the work is far from being finished. Many challenges still lie ahead. … More Boosting living standards of all Argentinians

Harnessing skills for more inclusive growth

by Jan Strasky, Luxembourg Desk, OECD Economics Department. Strong economic performance, comfortable fiscal situation and well-run institutions make life good for most residents of Luxembourg. Average earnings are the highest in the OECD, while labour market insecurity and income inequality are low. Yet, the development of the digital economy is constantly expanding the domain of … More Harnessing skills for more inclusive growth

Global Economic Outlook: Better, but not good enough

By Catherine L. Mann, OECD Chief Economist and Head of Economics Department Global growth is projected to rise modestly from 3% in 2016 to just over 3½ per cent by 2018 in our latest Economic Outlook. The mood in the global economy has brightened during the past year, with confidence indicators and industrial production increasing, and … More Global Economic Outlook: Better, but not good enough

Does everybody enjoy Pura Vida? Decomposing income inequality in Costa Rica

By Mabel Gabriel and Alberto Gonzalez Pandiella, OECD Economics Department Despite strong economic growth, Costa Rica’s income inequality has increased in the past decade, in stark contrast with other Latin American countries (OECD, 2016 and González Pandiella and Gabriel, 2017). What explains this? A decomposition of income inequality by income sources reveals, surprisingly, that public … More Does everybody enjoy Pura Vida? Decomposing income inequality in Costa Rica

Structural Inequality – The Case of Sweden

by Jon Pareliussen, Sweden Desk, OECD Economics Department Income equality is perceived by many as steadily embedded in Swedish society, as solid as a Volvo’s tyres firmly clinging to a narrow country road on a Småland’s bright midsummer night. However, the Gini coefficient has increased more in Sweden than in any other OECD country since the 1990s. But … More Structural Inequality – The Case of Sweden

An immediate Chinese challenge: further addressing vast income inequality

by Ben Westmore, China Desk, OECD Economics Department The goal of the Chinese government to achieve a “moderately prosperous society in all respects” by 2020 is centred around improving social welfare throughout the population. One of the essential ingredients to doing this is a further reduction in economic inequality. As underlined in the OECD 2017 … More An immediate Chinese challenge: further addressing vast income inequality