Reforming Brazil’s old-age pension system to ensure its sustainability

By Jens Arnold, Head of Brazil Desk at the OECD Economics Department and Hervé Boulhol, Head of Pensions and Population Ageing at the OECD’s Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs Pensions have been successful in reducing old-age poverty well below the population-wide average, and below the OECD average (Figure 1). At present, all pension … More Reforming Brazil’s old-age pension system to ensure its sustainability

Untying the knots strangling Brazil’s competitiveness

by Sónia Araújo Economist, Brazil Desk, OECD Economics Department There is strong international evidence that trade liberalisation and increased international integration are key elements of a successful growth strategy. Exposure to international competition, sourcing internationally and learning by exporting accelerates technological upgrading and fosters productivity growth. This column explains how three policy instruments are holding … More Untying the knots strangling Brazil’s competitiveness

Brazil: A tale of two industries or how openness to trade matters

by Jens Arnold Senior Economist, Head of the Brazil Desk, OECD Economics Department Brazil has a large and diversified industrial sector, but while parts of it are thriving, others are facing hard times, in part because they are weakly integrated into the world economy. The automotive and the aircraft sectors are two opposite examples of … More Brazil: A tale of two industries or how openness to trade matters