Solving Non-Performing Loans in Europe to speed up the recovery

by Pierre Beynet, Head of Division, Country Studies Branch, OECD Economics Department Almost 10 years after the outset of the financial crisis in summer 2008, European growth remains modest, constantly underperforming the OECD average. Several factors explain this disappointing performance. The pace of fiscal consolidation was rapid in the countries most affected by the crisis … More Solving Non-Performing Loans in Europe to speed up the recovery

Enhancing financial stability amid slowing growth in China

By Margit Molnar and Ben Westmore, China Desk, OECD Economics Department Growth in China has been slowing gradually, but GDP per capita remains on course to almost double between 2010 and 2020. As a result, the Chinese economy will remain the major driver of global growth for the foreseeable future. Patterns across the country vary, … More Enhancing financial stability amid slowing growth in China

Does everybody enjoy Pura Vida? Decomposing income inequality in Costa Rica

By Mabel Gabriel and Alberto Gonzalez Pandiella, OECD Economics Department Despite strong economic growth, Costa Rica’s income inequality has increased in the past decade, in stark contrast with other Latin American countries (OECD, 2016 and González Pandiella and Gabriel, 2017). What explains this? A decomposition of income inequality by income sources reveals, surprisingly, that public … More Does everybody enjoy Pura Vida? Decomposing income inequality in Costa Rica

Structural Inequality – The Case of Sweden

by Jon Pareliussen, Sweden Desk, OECD Economics Department Income equality is perceived by many as steadily embedded in Swedish society, as solid as a Volvo’s tyres firmly clinging to a narrow country road on a Småland’s bright midsummer night. However, the Gini coefficient has increased more in Sweden than in any other OECD country since the 1990s. But … More Structural Inequality – The Case of Sweden

Japan needs policies to boost productivity for inclusive growth

by Randall Jones, Head of Japan Desk, OECD Economics Department Labour productivity in Japan is about a quarter below the average of the top half of OECD countries (Figure 1), which is surprising given Japan’s outstanding performance in education and skills and high level of R&D spending. As in other countries, the labour productivity gap … More Japan needs policies to boost productivity for inclusive growth

The G20’s Enhanced Structural Reform Agenda: Some progress, but more reforms needed

by Agnès Cavaciuti, Tomasz Kozluk, Dorothée Rouzet, Nicolas Ruiz and William Witheridge, OECD Economics Department As G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors meet in Washington, there are signs that the growth prospects for their economies are improving. Recent indicators point to rising business confidence and industrial production in many countries, and fiscal initiatives in … More The G20’s Enhanced Structural Reform Agenda: Some progress, but more reforms needed

Reforming Brazil’s old-age pension system to ensure its sustainability

By Jens Arnold, Head of Brazil Desk at the OECD Economics Department and Hervé Boulhol, Head of Pensions and Population Ageing at the OECD’s Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs Pensions have been successful in reducing old-age poverty well below the population-wide average, and below the OECD average (Figure 1). At present, all pension … More Reforming Brazil’s old-age pension system to ensure its sustainability

Employment ins and outs in OECD countries

By Paula Garda, OECD Economics Department Labour markets are in a continual state of flux. Workers get employed, leave a job and become unemployed, join the labour force or leave the labour force. The balance of these flows determines the overall employment rate. Analysing workers’ ins and outs of employment is critical to our understanding … More Employment ins and outs in OECD countries

Raising skills holds the key to higher living standards and well-being in Portugal

by Sonia Araujo, Country Studies Branch, OECD Economics Department For each hour worked Portugal produces about half of the output produced in the United States. A historic legacy of very low education attainment is partly to blame for Portugal’s lower productivity. However, education attainment remains low even for those who have left the education system … More Raising skills holds the key to higher living standards and well-being in Portugal